Atlas Hymenoptera - Mellittidae - Capicola
author(s) : Denis Michez

The genus Capicola is closely related to the Neartic genus Hesperapis (Michener 1981, Engel 2005). Hesperapis and Capicola share synapomorphies, notably the shape of stigma, the two sub-marginal cells (the first longer than the second), the galea comb inserted in front of the maxillary palpus insertion and the scopa restricted to the outer face of hind tibia and basitarsus. On the contrary, the two genera differ in the shape of the male S6 and the pygidial plate of female that displays a strong longitudinal median relief in Capicola females.
At the species level, the 13 Capicola can be unambiguously characterized by a unique morphology of their proboscis proportions, body size, punctuation of clypeus, propodeal triangle, shape of hidden male sterna (S6-S8) or male genitalia (Michez & Kuhlmann 2007, Michez et al. 2007). The shape of the female pygidial plate is also diagnostic for many species, what is notably unusual in Melittidae s.l..
Recent cladistic analyses confirm the monophyly of the genus Capicola (Michez & Kuhlmann 2007, Michez et al. 2007). They do not support the former subdivision of Capicola into two subgenera C. (Capicoloides) and C. (Capicola) proposed by Michener (1981). The large species group designated as Capicola s.str. is likely not monophyletic. The five species originally included in the latter taxon (C. braunsiana, C. cinctiventris (= C. flavitarsis), C. flavitarsis, C. nanula, C. rufiventris) are associated in two distinct clades.
At a higher taxonomic level, the former results lead to acknowledge seven subgenera (all nearctic) within Hesperapis namely: Amblyapis Cockerell 1910, Carinapis Stage 1981, Disparapis Stage 1981, Hesperapis s.str., Panurgomia Viereck 1909, Xeralictoides Stage 1981 and Zacesta Ashmead 1899. Moreover, the Dasypodaini would then include four genera: Capicola, Dasypoda, Eremaphanta and Hesperapis. The phylogenetic relationships among these genera need to be re-evaluated through a global analysis. Interesting preliminary clues on the result of such analysis were suggested by Engel (2005) who grouped Capicola, Hesperapis and Eremaphanta within the subtribe Hesperapina. Several of observations give us additional insights supporting this proposal, notably in the C. flavicara morphology (flatness of the female’s pygidial plate and the shape of the head).
The distribution of Capicola is restricted to southwestern Africa. The centre of endemism is clearly in the Western Cape Province’s Succulent and Nama Karoo biomes, which have the world’s highest floral diversity. The distributions of several species extend northward into Namibia and eastward in the Eastern Cape Province. The Namibian endemic species C. micheneri is the only Capicola recorded outside this area.

Capicola

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Show only this taxa Somme des données - Sum of data
Diagnosis of the genus Capicola.
Female/male. Small to medium sized (4-12mm). Head generally wider than long. Galea comb in front of maxillary palpus insertion. Propodeal triangle hairless, with horizontal or declivous basal area. Stigma less than twice as long as prestigma. Two sub-marginal cells, first longer than second. Second abscissa of Rs right angled. Basitibial plate present. Terga with apical fringes.
Femelle. Scopa restricted to outer surface of hind tibia and basitarsus. Keirotrichia extensively developed on inner surface of Tb3 and Bt3. Pp with longitudinal median, well defined, usually elevated area.
Male. Pp absent. S6 commonly tetra lobed (two medio-apical and two latero-apical processes), lobes hairy. Gonostylus fused to gonocoxite, usually with a medio-longitudinal hairy groove.
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Somme des données Capicola
Main sources : Michez D.
Last update : 24/01/2007
Show only this taxa C. aliciae Cockerell 1932
Diagnosis.
Female/male. Head wider than long. Labial palpus, maxillary palpus and glossa of similar lengths. Maxillary palpus shorter than galea. Outer surface of galea mat and sculptured. Clypeus twice as wide as long; with narrow median groove. Compound eyes converging slightly below. Posterior part of propodeal triangle glabrous.
Female. L=7.6mm. Clypeus glabrous with few weak punctures (i>3d). Mesoscutum and scutellum shiny, densely punctate (i=d). Basal part of propodeal triangle transversally carinate to granulose. Propodeum shiny. Legs 1-3 with yellowish hairs. Spurs of Tb2 with eight sharp outstanding spines. T1-T3 black and mat, with apical fringes. T1 with apical fringe sparser medially, sometimes interrupted. Prepygidial fimbria brown. Pp with median area strongly elevated.
Male. L=7.0mm. Body black. Clypeus covered with long, white, appressed hairs. Antennae ventrally reddish, dorsally brownish. S2-S4 with white, apical fringes. S3-S4 apically emarginated. S6 with wide medio-apical teeth. S8 with large median carina; column curved; apical plate oval shaped. S7-S8 and genitalia as illustrated in Figs.
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Distribution Capicola aliciae
Main sources : Michez D.
Last update : 24/01/2007
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C_aliciae_genitalia_profil_b.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle vu de profil
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C_aliciae_S6.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternite 6 mâle
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C_aliciae_S7.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 7 mâle
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C_aliciae_genitalia.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle
Show only this taxa C. braunsiana Friese 1911
Diagnosis.
Female/male. Integument mostly black, ventral surface of antennal flagellum reddish-black, tarsi 2-3 and Tb3 orangish. Head (including eyes) as wide as long. Labial palpus longer than glossa, as long as maxillary palpus and galea. Outer surface of galea mat and sculptured. Clypeus nearly hairless, about twice as wide as long, without median groove, sparsely punctate (i>3d). Mesoscutum densely and finely punctate (iFemale. L=8.4mm. Compound eyes parallel. Mesoscutum and scutellum with short appressed hairs. Spurs of Tb2 with 4-6 large, outstanding spines. T1-T3 black and mat. T1-T4 with continuous, white apical fringe. Prepygidial fimbria white to very pale brown. Pp with a pair of median subparallel carinae, area between carinae and lateral to them concave.
Male. L=7.2mm. Eyes not enlarged. Antennae ventrally reddish, dorsally brownish. Scutellum mat, densely punctate (i
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Distribution Capicola braunsiana
Main sources : Michez D.
Last update : 24/01/2007
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Capicola_braunsiana_female_pygidial.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Plaque pygidial femelle
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Capicola_braunsiana_female_pygidial_b.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
plaque pygidiale femelle
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Capicola_braunsiana_male_genitalia.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle
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Capicola_braunsiana_male_genitalia_b.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle vu de profil
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Capicola_braunsiana_male_genitalia_d.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle
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Capicola_braunsiana_male_S6.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 7 mâle
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Capicola_braunsiana_male_S6_apical.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 7 mâle
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Capicola_braunsiana_male_S7.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 7 mâle
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Capicola_braunsiana_male_S8.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 8 mâle
Show only this taxa C. danforthi Eardley 2007
Diagnosis.
Male/female. Head wider than long. Labial palpus half as long as maxillary palpus, reaching beyond apex of glossa. Outer surface of galea smooth. Maxillary palpus as long as galea. Compound eyes more or less parallel. Clypeus two and a half times as wide as long. Clypeus, mesoscutum and scutellum shiny and deeply punctate. Propodeal triangle with declivous basal area. Disc of terga with basal concavity.
Female. L=10.7mm. Propodeal triangle mostly shiny, weakly sculptured. Propodeum shiny. Legs 1-3 with yellow or orange hairs. Spurs of Tb2 without large spine. Scopa sparsely pubescent. Apical hair band on T1 continuous. T1-5 black, with shallow punctures. Prepygidial fimbria orange. Pp with a strong elevated median area.
Male. L=10.3mm. Integument mostly black. A4-13 black. A5 longer than wide. All legs black. Tb3 broadened apically, with a tooth between apical spurs. S6 with medio-apical processes curved and erected ventrally. S7 disc very large. Apical plate of S8 flattened. Genitalia as illustrated in Figs.
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Distribution Capicola danforthi
Main sources : Michez D.
Last update : 24/01/2007
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Capicola_danforthi_genitalia.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle
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Capicola_danforthi_genitalia_dorsal.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle
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Capicola_danforthi_genitalia_profil.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle vu de profil
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Capicola_danforthi_head.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Tête du mâle
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Capicola_danforthi_Pp.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Plaque pygidiale
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Capicola_danforthi_S6.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 6 mâle
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Capicola_danforthi_S6_profil.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 6 mâle
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Capicola_danforthi_S7.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 7 mâle
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Capicola_danforthi_S8.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 8 mâle
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Capicola_danforthi_Tb3.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Tibia postérieur mâle
Show only this taxa C. flavicara Eardley 2007
Diagnosis.
Female/male. Head longer than wide. Integument of antenna, supraclypeal area, clypeus, labrum, mandible, scutum, scutellum, fore and middle legs yellow or orange. Maxillary palpus a little shorter than labial palpus, the latter not quite reaching end of glossa. Maxillary palpus a little shorter than galea, which is subequal in length to labial palpus. Outer surface of galea sculptured. Compound eyes with upper and lower interorbital distances subequal. Clypeus about twice as wide as long. Clypeus, mesoscutum and scutellum shiny, with very small, shallow punctures.
Female. L=6.8mm. T1-T2 and S1-S2 yellow or orange, remainder dull black. Propodeal triangle mostly shiny, with reticulate sculpture. Remainder of propodeum mat. Legs 1-3 with whitish vestiture, except orange under hind basitarsus. Spurs of Tb2 with eight very small spines. Scopa densely pubescent proximally, sparsely pubescent distally. Apical fringes on T1-4 continuous. Prepygidial fimbria black to brownish. Pp gently concave, without medio-longitudinal carinae.
Male. L=5.4mm. Propodeum, T1-T4 and S1-S4 yellow or orange, remainder dull black. Eyes not prominent. A5 as long as wide. Tb3 not broadened. S6 with short medio-apical teeth. S7-8 and genitalia as illustrated in Figs.
Show only this taxa C. flavitarsis Friese 1912
Diagnosis.
Female/male. Integument mainly black. Head wider than long. Maxillary palpus longer than labial palpus, as long as galea. Outer surface of galea mat and sculptured. Clypeus about two and a half times as wide as long. Compound eyes converging a little ventrally. Mesoscutum and scutellum shiny and nearly hairless. Basal half of propodeal triangle punctulate to strigate/strigulate. Propodeum shiny.
Female. L=7.2mm. Labrum, base of mandibles, apex of the clypeus, legs and basal part of metasoma mostly reddish. Clypeus shiny and densely punctate (i=d). Legs 1-3 with yellowish hairs. Spurs of Tb2 with 4-6 sharp outstanding spines. T1-T3 black and shiny. T1 with interrupted apical fringe. Prepygidial fimbria yellowish. Pp with a strong elevated median area; not tapering; weakly concave medially.
Male. L=6.0mm. Clypeus without medio-longitudinal groove. Clypeus and face covered with appressed white hairs. Eyes strongly prominent. A5 as wide as long. A4-13 dorsally brown, ventrally orangish. Scutellum shiny with prominent, sparse punctures (i>3d). Tb2-3 and tarsi 1-3 reddish. Tb3 apically weakly broadened. S6 median part ended in short spiny processes; medio-ventral process well developed. S7 apex narrowed. Apical area of S8 subtrianglar. Genitalia as illustrated in Figs.
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Distribution Capicola flavitarsis
Main sources : Michez D.
Last update : 24/01/2007
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Capicola_flavitarsis_female_pygidial.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Plaque pygidiale femelle
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Capicola_flavitarsis_genitalia2.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle
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Capicola_flavitarsis_genitalia2b.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle
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Capicola_flavitarsis_genitalia2c.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle vu de profil
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Capicola_flavitarsis_head.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Tête mâle
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Capicola_flavitarsis_S62.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 6 mâle
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Capicola_flavitarsis_S7.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 7 mâle
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Capicola_flavitarsis_S8.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 8 mâle
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Capicola_flavitarsis_Tb3.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Tibia postérieur mâle
Show only this taxa C. gessorum Eardley 2007
Diagnosis.
Female/male. Head wider than long, vertex gently convex in frontal view. Labial palpus two-thirds as long as maxillary palpus, reaching to apex of glossa. Maxillary palpus a little longer than galea. Outer surface of galea smooth. Compound eyes slightly converging ventrally. Clypeus two and a half times as wide as long, with medio-longitudinal groove, densely punctate (i=d).
Female. L=5.8mm. Clypeus, mesoscutum and scutellum shiny (some specimens with short appressed hairs). Propodeal triangle mostly shiny. Propodeum shiny. Legs 1-3 with white or pale yellow hairs. Spurs of Tb2 with tiny spines. Scopa sparsely pubescent. Apical hair band on T1 interrupted medially to continuous. T1-T5 reddish. T2-T4 with brown spot on foveae. Prepygidial fimbria yellowish. Pp with a pair of median, subparallel carinae, proximal region in area between these carinae narrow and weakly depressed mediolongitudinally; tapering to apex.
Male. L=3.8mm. Integument blackish, including antennae and legs. Eyes not prominent. Scutum and terga deeply punctate. Scutellum shiny, moderately punctate (i=d). Tb3 with inner apical tooth. Disc of T2-4 with basal concavity. S6 with medio-apical curved blade. S7 disc very large. S8 with short column; apical plate flattened. Genitalia as illustrated in Figs.
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Distribution Capicola gessorum
Main sources : Michez D.
Last update : 24/01/2007
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C_gessorum_genitalia.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle
 photo
C_gessorum_genitalia_profil.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle vu de profil
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C_gessorum_S6.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 6 vu de profil
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C_gessorum_S7.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 7 mâle
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C_gessorum_S8b.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 8 mâle
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C_gessorum_Tb3a.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Tibia postérieur mâle
Show only this taxa C. hantamensis Michez & Kuhlmann
Diagnosis.
Like other Dasypodaidae, Capicola hantamensis has a short pointed glossa with all segments of the labial palpus similar to one another and two submarginal cells (the first longer than the second). Like other Capicola, the female Pp has a strong elevated medial area and the male S6 has medio-apical and lateral processes. Capicola hantamensis differs from all other Capicola by having yellow legs, yellow clypeus in the male and an inner blade to the gonostylus. Females show the diagnostic combination of rugose propodeal triangle and inner Tb2 spur finely serrate.
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Capicola hantamensis
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 8 en vue de face
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Capicola hantamensis
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 7 en vue de face
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Capicola hantamensis
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 6 vu de face
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Capicola hantamensis
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Femelle vue de profil
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Capicola hantamensis
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Mâle vu de profil
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Capicola hantamensis
auteur(s) : Kuhlmann
South Africa
Biotope de Capicola hantamensis
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Capicola hantamensis
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Femelle en vue dorsale
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Capicola hantamensis
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 6 en vue apicale
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Capicola hantamensis
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia en vue dorsale
 photo
Capicola hantamensis
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Mâle en vue dorsale
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Capicola hantamensis
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia vu de profil
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Capicola hantamensis
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia vu de face
Show only this taxa C. micheneri Michez 2007
Diagnosis.
Female/male. Head wider than long. Maxillary palpus longer than galea. Outer surface of galea sculptured and mat. Clypeus three times as wide as long, without median groove. Compound eyes slightly converging ventrally. Propodeal triangle rugose, with horizontal basal area.
Female. L=5.8mm. Metasoma mostly reddish. Spurs of Tb2 with 6-8 sharp outstanding spines. Outer face of Tb3 with few large, blunt, spine-like hairs. T2-T4 with black lateral spots. Prepygidial fimbria brown. Pp with a strong median carina.
Male. L=4.5mm. Body mainly black. Antennae ventrally yellowish, dorsally brown. A5 as wide as long. Scutum shiny and densely punctate (i=d). Tb3 not expanded. Terga with continous apical fringes. S6 with large medio-apical teeth nearly as long as length of disc, without medio-longitudinal groove. S7 with apical lobes diverging. S8 with large median carina; column curved. Genitalia as illustrated in Figs.
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Distribution Capicola micheneri
Main sources : Michez D.
Last update : 24/01/2007
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Capicola_micheneri_female_galea.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Galea femelle
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Capicola_micheneri_female_lpygidial.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Plaque pygidiale femelle
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Capicola_micheneri_female_mouthpart.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Glossa femelle
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Capicola_micheneri_female_propodeal_triangle.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Propodeum
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Capicola_micheneri_female_propodeal_triangle_profil.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Propodeum vu de profil
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Capicola_micheneri_female_pygidial_b.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Plaque pygidiale femelle
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Capicola_micheneri_female_scopa_b.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Tibia postérieure femelle
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Capicola_micheneri_female_scopa_c.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Scopa femelle
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Capicola_micheneri_female_tb.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Eperon du tibia médian
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Capicola_micheneri_male_genitalia.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle
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Capicola_micheneri_male_genitalia_c.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle
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Capicola_micheneri_male_genitalia_d.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle vu de profil
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Capicola_micheneri_male_S6.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 6 mâle
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Capicola_micheneri_male_S7.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 7 mâle
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Capicola_micheneri_male_S8.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 8 mâle
Show only this taxa C. nanula Cockerell 1936
Diagnosis.
Female/male. Head wider than long. Vertex flat in frontal view. Labial palpus three-fourths as long as maxillary palpus, reaching beyond apex of glossa. Maxillary palpus twice as long as galea. Outer surface of galea sculptured and mat. Compound eyes slightly converging ventrally. Clypeus slightly more than three times as wide as long, with few punctures (i>3d). Propodeal triangle rugose, with horizontal basal area. Propodeum mat, with horizontal basal area.
Female. L=5.8mm. Clypeus, mesoscutum and scutellum shiny (some specimens with short appressed hairs). Legs 1-3 with white to pale yellow hairs. Spurs of Tb2 without large spine. Scopa sparsely pubescent. Apical hair band on T1 medially interrupted to continuous. T1-T5 reddish. T2-T4 with brown spot on foveae. Prepygidial fimbria yellowish. Pp with median subparallel carinae, proximal region of carinae narrow and weakly depressed.
Male. L=3.8mm. Integument mostly black. Eyes not prominent. A4-10 yellow, A11-13 dark. Scutellum shiny, sparsely punctate. F1-3 black. Tb1-3 and Bt1-3 yellow. Tb3 not broadened, untoothed. S6 median part ended in short spiny processes. S7 long, median width narrower than apical one. Apical plate of S8 sub-triangular. S8 and genitalia as illustrated in Figs.
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Distribution Capicola nanula
Main sources : Michez D.
Last update : 24/01/2007
photo
Capicola_nanula_female_pygidial_b.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Plaque pygidiale mâle
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Capicola_nanula_female_pygidial_c.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Plaque pygidiale vu de profil
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Capicola_nanula_galea.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Galea
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Capicola_nanula_head.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Tête
 photo
Capicola_nanula_male_genitalia.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle
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Capicola_nanula_male_S6.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 6 mâle
 photo
Capicola_nanula_male_S7.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 7 mâle
 photo
Capicola_nanula_male_S8.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 8 mâle
Show only this taxa C. nigerrima Cockerell 1932
Diagnosis.
Female/male. Integument black or brownish. Labial palpus shorter than glossa and maxillary palpus. Maxillary palpus as long as galea. Outer surface of galea smooth. Clypeus with a medio-longitudinal groove, two and a half times as wide as long. Clypeus, scutum, scutellum and disc of terga with deep, dense punctures (iFemale. L=8.9mm. Legs with white or pale yellow hairs. Spurs of Tb2 with 8-10 sharp outstanding spines. T1-T5 with white continous apical fringe. Prepygidial fimbria black to brownish. Pp with a strong elevated median area.
Male. L=8.1mm. Head wider than long. Inner margin of eyes converging ventrally. A4-13 brown. A5 longer than wide. Mesoscutum and scutellum shiny, with deep punctures. Tb3 strongly enlarged apically. Disc of T2-4 deeply punctate, with basal concavity. Medio-apical processes of S6 curved and swollen. S7 disc very large. S8 apex spatulate. Genitalia as illustrated in Figs.
carto
Distribution Capicola nigerrima
Main sources : Michez D.
Last update : 24/01/2007
photo
Capicola_nigerrima_genitalia.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle
 photo
Capicola_nigerrima_genitalia_b.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle
 photo
Capicola_nigerrima_genitalia_c.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia vu de profil
 photo
Capicola_nigerrima_male_S6.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 6 mâle
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Capicola_nigerrima_male_S6_apex.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 6 en vue apicale
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Capicola_nigerrima_male_S8.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 8 mâle
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Capicola_nigerrima_male_Tb3.BMP
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Patte postérieure
Show only this taxa C. rhodostoma Cockerell 1932
Diagnosis.
Female/male. Head as wide as long. Labial palpus longer than glossa, as long as maxillary palpus and galea. Outer surface of galea sculptured and mat. Clypeus glabrous, about twice as wide as long, without medio-longitudinal groove. Mesoscutum finely punctate. Propodeal triangle finely rugose, shiny behind; remainder of propodeum shiny.
Female. L=8.4mm. Integument of lower part of head, head appendages and legs reddish, upper part of head, mesosoma and metasoma black; Compound eyes parallel. Mesoscutum and scutellum with short, appressed, white hairs. T1-T3 black and mat. T1 with continuous white apical fringes, as wide as apical fringes on T2-T4. Spurs of Tb2 with 4-6 large, outstanding spines. Prepygidial fimbria white to very pale brown. Pp with a pair of median, subparallel carinae, areas between and lateral to carinae concave.
Male. L=6.5mm. Integument of clypeus, labrum, mandible and antenna reddish to yellow, mesosomal dorsum, dorso-lateral region of propodeum, all legs and T1 reddish-orange. Remainder of integument black or reddish-black. Clypeus, scutum and scutellum shiny, weakly and densely punctate (i=d). A5 as wide as long. Legs not modified. S6 with short, narrow medio-apical spiny processes. Apex of S7 weakly concave, with small lobes. S8 with apical plate sub-triangular. S8 and genitalia as illustrated in Figs.
carto
Distribution Capicola rhodostoma
Main sources : Michez D.
Last update : 24/01/2007
photo
Capicola_rhodo_S7.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 7 mâle
 photo
Capicola_rhodo_Tb3a.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Tibia postérieur
 photo
Capicola_rhodostoma_genitalia.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle
 photo
Capicola_rhodostoma_genitalia_b.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle
 photo
Capicola_rhodostoma_genitalia_c.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia vu de profil
 photo
Capicola_rhodostoma_S6b.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 6 mâle en vue apicale
 photo
Capicola_rhodostoma_S8.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 8 mâle
Show only this taxa C. richtersveldensis Patiny & Michez 2007
Diagnosis.
Female/male. Integument mostly black, dark brownish on sterna and terga margin. Head wider than long. Labial palpus shorter than glossa and maxillary palpus. Maxillary palpus as long as galea. Outer surface of galea mat and sculptured. Clypeus two and a half times as wide as long, without medio-longitudinal groove, densely punctate (i=d). Propodeal triangle shiny, very short, with declivous basal area. Terga with basal concavity.
Female. L=10.2mm. Integument black; sterna margins and Tb3 brownish. Mandibles apex reddish. Flagellum reddish below. Face with white hairs. Head posterior face, mesosoma, legs, T1 and sterna with golden hairs. Spurs of Tb2 with 8-10 sharp outstanding spines. T1-4 with continuous white, apical fringes. Prepygidial fimbria black to dark brown. Pygidial plate with a strong, high, median carina.
Male. L=10.0mm. Head wider than long. Eyes not prominent; inner margins converging ventrally. Antennae black. A5 longer than wide. Mesoscutum and scutellum covered with erect, greyish hairs. Tb3 flattened, with anterior region of distal end enlarged. Bt3 patellate, as wide as long. Medio-apical processes of S6 with two widely separated, curved processes. S7 narrowed basally; apex shallowly concave, with two rounded lobes. S8 with medio-lateral hairy tooth; apex subelliptic. Genitalia as illustrated in Figs.
carto
Distribution Capicola richtersveldensis
Main sources : Michez D.
Last update : 24/01/2007
photo
Capicola_richter_genitalia_b.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle
 photo
Capicola_richter_genitalia_profil.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle vu de profil
 photo
Capicola_richter_leg_3.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Patte postérieure mâle
 photo
Capicola_richter_S6.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 6 mâle
 photo
Capicola_richter_S7.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 7 mâle
 photo
Capicola_richter_S8.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 8 mâle
Show only this taxa C. rufiventris Friese 1912
Diagnosis.
Female/male. Head wider than long. Labial palpus as long as glossa. Maxillary palpus as long as galea, longer than labial palpus. Outer surface of galea mat. Clypeus twice as wide as long, without median groove. Propodeal triangle with basal area horizontal.
Female. L=9.6mm. Clypeus glabrous, with few punctures (i>3d). Mesoscutum and scutellum with small, deep punctures, with appressed hairs. Propodeal triangle with a median groove; anterior half finely rugose to strigulate; posterior half shiny and unsculptured. Posterior part of propodeum shiny. Fore and mid legs with whitish hairs. Spurs of Tb2 with 4-6 sharp outstanding spines. Terga mat, weakly punctate. T1 with interrupted apical hair band (some specimens with reduced but continuous band). T1-T3 orange. T3 with lateral brown spot. Prepygidial fimbria white brownish to brownish. Pp with a strong elevated median area; not tapering.
Male. L=7.8mm. Clypeus densely punctate (i=d), covered with long white appressed hairs. A4-13 dorsally brown, ventrally reddish. A3 as long as A4. A5 as long as wide. Mesoscutum and scutellum shiny between small, weak punctures. Legs with white appressed hairs. Tb3 apex widely expanded. Medio-apical process of S6 blade shaped. S7 with spiny apico-lateral processes. Apex of S8 subelliptic. S8 and genitalia as illustrated in Figs.
carto
Distribution Capicola rufiventris
Main sources : Michez D.
Last update : 24/01/2007
photo
Capicola_rufiventris_female_pygidial_b.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Plaque pygidiale femelle
 photo
Capicola_rufiventris_genitalia.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle
 photo
Capicola_rufiventris_genitalia_b.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Genitalia mâle vu de profil
 photo
Capicola_rufiventris_male_S6.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 6 mâle
 photo
Capicola_rufiventris_male_S6_c.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 6 mâle
 photo
Capicola_rufiventris_male_S7.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 7 mâle
 photo
Capicola_rufiventris_male_S7_b.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 7 mâle vu de profil
 photo
Capicola_rufiventris_male_S8.tif
auteur(s) : Michez D.
Sternum 8 mâle

Références

  Michener, C.D. 1981. Classification of the bee family Melittidae with a review of species of Meganomiinae. Contribution of the American Entomological Institute, 18, 1-135.
 
Michez D. & Kuhlmann. 2007. Phylogenetic analysis of the bee genus Capicola with the description of Capicola hantamensis sp. nov. (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Dasypodaidae). Zootaxa, 1444 : 61-68.

Michez D., Eardley C.D., Kuhlmann M. & Patiny S. 2007. Revision of the bee genus Capicola (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Melittidae) distributed in the Southwest of Africa. European Journal of Entomology, 104 (2): 311-314.
see also:http://www.eje.cz/pdfarticles/1233/eje_104_2_311_Michez.pdf