Atlas Hymenoptera
author(s) :

Pierre Rasmont
Atlas of the European Bees: genus Amegilla

First on line 29.VIII.2014, updated 5.XI.2014, 19.II.2016

The genus Amegilla includes around 260 species all over the world. It includes 36 species in West-Palaearctic region.

Like other Anthophorini, Amegilla are all solitary species, most of them digging their simple nest in dry ground, giving their English name "digger bees". While some Anthophora and Habropoda could be sometimes seen in woody areas, Amegilla are clearly associated with arid or subarid biomes, matorrals, steppes, sub-deserts and deserts. Very few species cross the 45th parallell to the north and only in very isolated places.

Like Anthophora, they are foraging mainly flowers with long corollae, as Boraginaceae, Lamiaceae, Leguminosae, Scophulariaceae and Compositae from the Carduae tribe (thistles).

All species are very fast flyers. Some taxa are nearly impossible to catch because of their incredible agility. For these reasons, it is clear that their abundance and distribution remain underestimated. Beside, some species are not easy to identify. A lot of taxa are known just by few specimens.

Because of their relative scarcity in collection and their shape and colour homogeneity, their taxonomy remains quite confuse. Amegilla have been included in Anthophora during long time. As fundament, one should use the revision of Friese (1897) (under the name Podalirius) and Brooks (1988). This last one only dealing with a detailed generic and subgeneric classification. Several other papers could help: Priesner (1957) for Egypt and adjacent countries mainly N. Africa (under the name Anthophora), Iuga (1958) for Romania and adjacent countries, Osychnyuk (1978) for the European part of former USSR, Herrero & Pérez-Iñigo (1982) for Iberian peninsula. As for Anthophora, one cannot avoid to consult a bunch of small other papers to assume the identification of some species.

The genus Podalirius, as promoted by Friese (1897) was lumping alltogether Amegilla, Anthophora and Habropoda. I stick here instead with the generic and subgeneric classification of Brooks (1988) and Michener (2001, 2007). The West-Palaearctic tribe Anthophorini includes so the genera Amegilla, Anthophora and Habropoda (that Brooks placed in a separate tribe).

This first very provisional version only includes the full checklist of West-Palaearctic species and maps that just point out countries. For some species, it also display very preliminary detailed maps.
Because of the extreme difficulty to approach Amegilla, there are very few photographs of living specimens available.

Acknowledgements

This page is constructed in the framework of the STEP project - Status and Trends of European Pollinators - Coordinator: Simon Geoffrey Potts, University of Reading.
STEP Partners to Objective 1 (Document the status and trends of pollinators, map distributions): University of Mons (Prof. Pierre Rasmont; Denis Michez; Stephanie Iserbyt; Yvan Barbier); University of Reading (Stuart Roberts)

Many thanks to Manu Dehon for his help.

Pierre Rasmont

Citation:
Rasmont P. 2014. Atlas of the European Bees: genus Amegilla. 1st Edition. STEP Project, Atlas Hymenoptera, Mons, Gembloux. http://www.atlashymenoptera.net/page.asp?ID=259

Other Anthophorini

Amegilla (present page)
Anthophora
Habropoda

Amegilla Atlas European Bees European bees

Friese, 1897
 maps
Show only this taxa Amegilla albigena (LEPELETIER,1841)
Amegilla (Zebramegilla) albigena (Lepeletier, 1841)
carto
Amegilla albigena, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla albigena
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
photo
Amegilla albigena F
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla albigena fem. >>> galerie photos
auteur(s) : Yvan Barbier
F, Gonfaron
sur Ballota pseudodictamnus
 photo
Amegilla albigena male >>> galerie photos
auteur(s) : Yvan Barbier
F, Gonfaron
sur Ballota pseudodictamnus
 photo
Amegilla albigena F
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla_albigena_M_8801_27.jpg
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla albigena M Gonfaron
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla albigena 2002
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
Show only this taxa Amegilla andresi (FRIESE,1914)
Amegilla (Micramegilla) andresi (Friese, 1914)
carto
Amegilla andresi, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla andresi
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla argophenax ENGEL,2007
Amegilla (Micramegilla) argophenax Engel, 2007
carto
Amegilla argophenax, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla argophenax
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla byssina (KLUG,1845)
Amegilla (Micramegilla) byssina (Klug, 1845)
carto
Amegilla byssina, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla byssina
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla camelorum (COCKERELL,1911)
Amegilla (incertae sedis) camelorum (Cockerell, 1911)
carto
Amegilla camelorum, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla camelorum
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla cana (WALKER,1871)
Amegilla (Zonamegilla) cana (Walker, 1871)
carto
Amegilla cana, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla cana
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla candidella (PRIESNER,1957)
Amegilla (incertae sedis) candidella (Priesner, 1957)
carto
Amegilla candidella, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla candidella
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla canifrons (SMITH,1854)
Amegilla (Amegilla) canifrons (Smith, 1854)
carto
Amegilla canifrons, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla canifrons
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla crocea (KLUG,1845)
Amegilla (Zebramegilla) crocea (Klug, 1845)
carto
Amegilla crocea, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla crocea
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla deceptrix (PRIESNER,1957)
Amegilla (Micramegilla) deceptrix (Priesner, 1957)
carto
Amegilla deceptrix, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla deceptrix
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla farinosa (KLUG,1845)
Amegilla (Amegilla) farinosa (Klug, 1845)
carto
Amegilla farinosa, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla farinosa
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla fasciata (FABRICIUS,1775)
Amegilla (Micramegilla) fasciata (Fabricius, 1775)
carto
Amegilla fasciata, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla fasciata
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
photo
Amegilla Fasciata F
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla fasciata F
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla fasciata M
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla fasciata M
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla fasciata 2002
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
Show only this taxa Amegilla garrula (ROSSI,1790)
Amegilla (Amegilla) garrula (Rossi, 1790)
carto
Amegilla garrula, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla garrula
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
photo
Amegilla garrula F
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla garrula F
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla garrula M
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla garrula M
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla garrula 2002
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
Show only this taxa Amegilla glauca (ALFKEN,1926)
Amegilla (Micramegilla) glauca (Alfken, 1926)
carto
Amegilla glauca, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla glauca
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla graeca ((ALFKEN),1942)
Amegilla (Zebramegilla) graeca (Alfken, 1942)
carto
Amegilla graeca, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla graeca
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla harttigi (ALFKEN,1926)
Amegilla (Zebramegilla) harttigi (Alfken, 1926)
carto
Amegilla harttigi, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla harttigi
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla incana (KLUG,1845)
Amegilla (Amegilla) incana (Klug, 1845)
carto
Amegilla incana, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla incana
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla latizona (SPINOLA,1838)
Amegilla (Micramegilla) latizona (Spinola, 1838)
carto
Amegilla latizona, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla latizona
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla lutulenta (KLUG,1845)
Amegilla (Zonamegilla) lutulenta (Klug, 1845)
carto
Amegilla lutulenta, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla lutulenta
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla magnilabris (FEDTSCHENKO,1875)
Amegilla (Zebramegilla) magnilabris (Fedtschenko, 1875)

Since Brooks (1988) most authors made confusion between this species and the near Amegilla savignyi, that occurs in N. Africa only. Indeed, both species show the same conspicuously proeminent clypeus and labrum. These species are nevertheless well distinctive as pointed by Priesner (1957: 93) :
"A. savignyi Lep., [is] a species that is easily distinguished from magnilabris in having a full fascia on tergite V, slightly transverse labrum, intermixed black hairs at the clypeo-frontal suture, on the vertex and thorax, narrower abdominal fasciae and a small white hairspot exteriorly at the base of the metatarsus III. "
A. magnilabris is much more widespread than A. savignyi as it occurs in N. Africa too but also in most of southern Europe countries.

P. Rasmont
carto
Amegilla magnilabris, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla magnilabris
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
photo
Amegilla magnilabris M
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla magnilabris F
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla magnilabris F
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla magnilabris M
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla magnilabris 2002
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla magnilabris F habitus
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
France, Bouches-du-Rhône, Eygalières
leg. R. Fonfria
 photo
Amegilla_magnilabris_02_F_Eygalieres_2016-07-13-21.57.07 ZS PMax_profil_bis.jpg
auteur(s) :
 photo
Amegilla_magnilabris_03_F_Eygalieres_2016-07-13-08.48.47 ZS PMax_tete_bis.jpg
auteur(s) :
 photo
Amegilla_magnilabris_04_F_Eygalieres_2016-07-13-09.11.14 ZS PMax_face_bis.jpg
auteur(s) :
 photo
Amegilla_magnilabris_05_F_Eygalieres_2016-07-13-19.54.37 ZS PMax_abdomen_bis.jpg
auteur(s) :
 photo
Amegilla_magnilabris_06_F_Eygalieres_2016-07-13-20.15.27 ZS PMax_Pygidium_bis.jpg
auteur(s) :
 photo
Amegilla_magnilabris_M_01_Corse_2016-07-14-09.17.54 ZS PMax_habitus_bis.jpg
auteur(s) :
 photo
Amegilla_magnilabris_M_02_Corse_2016-07-14-09.45.54 ZS PMax_profil_bis.jpg
auteur(s) :
 photo
Amegilla_magnilabris_M_03_Corse_2016-07-14-10.15.58 ZS PMax_face_bis.jpg
auteur(s) :
 photo
Amegilla_magnilabris_M_04_Corse_2016-07-14-10.50.44 ZS PMax_tete_bis.jpg
auteur(s) :
 photo
Amegilla_magnilabris_M_05_Corse_2016-07-14-12.06.25 ZS PMax_abdomen_bis.jpg
auteur(s) :
 photo
Amegilla_magnilabris_M_06_Corse_2016-07-14-11.31.28 ZS PMax_pygidium_bis.jpg
auteur(s) :
Show only this taxa Amegilla marqueti ((PÉREZ),1895)
Amegilla (incertae sedis) marqueti (Pérez, 1895)
carto
Amegilla marqueti, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla marqueti
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla montivaga (FEDTSCHENKO,1875)
Amegilla (Micramegilla) montivaga (Fedtschenko, 1875)
carto
Amegilla montivaga, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla montivaga
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
photo
Amegilla montivaga
auteur(s) : Morawitz 1876
Show only this taxa Amegilla mucorea (KLUG,1845)
Amegilla (Micramegilla) mucorea (Klug, 1845)
carto
Amegilla mucorea, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla mucorea
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla nigricornis ((MORAWITZ),1873)
Amegilla (Micramegilla) nigricornis (Morawitz, 1873)
carto
Amegilla nigricornis, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla nigricornis
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla nigropilosa (FRIESE,1896)
Amegilla nigropilosa (Friese, 1896)
carto
Amegilla nigropilosa, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla nigropilosa
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla niveocincta ((SMITH),1854)
Amegilla (Zonamegilla) niveocincta (Smith, 1854)
carto
Amegilla niveocincta, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla niveocincta
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla nubica ((LEPELETIER),1841)
Amegilla (Aframegilla) nubia (Lepeletier, 1841)
carto
Amegilla nubica, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla nubica
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla ochroleuca (PÉREZ,1879)
Amegilla (Amegilla) ochroleuca (Pérez, 1879)
carto
Amegilla ochroleuca, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla ochroleuca
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
photo
Amegilla ochroleuca F
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla ochroleuca F
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla ochroleuca M
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla ochroleuca 2002
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
Show only this taxa Amegilla omissa (PRIESNER,1957)
Amegilla (Zebramegilla) omissa (Priesner, 1957)
carto
Amegilla omissa, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla omissa
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla pulverea (WALKER,1871)
Amegilla (Zonamegilla) pulverea (Walker, 1871)
carto
Amegilla pulverea, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla pulverea
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla punctifrons (WALKER,1871)
Amegilla (Zebramegilla) punctifrons (Walker, 1871)
carto
Amegilla punctifrons, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla punctifrons
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla quadrifasciata (DE VILLERS,1789)
Amegilla (Amegilla) quadrifasciata (de Villers, 1789)
carto
Amegilla quadrifasciata, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla quadrifasciata
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
photo
Amegilla quadrifasciata F
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla quadrifasciata F
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla quadrifasciata M
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla quadrifasciata M
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
 photo
Amegilla quadrifasciata 2002
auteur(s) : P. Rasmont
Show only this taxa Amegilla salviae (MORAWITZ,1876)
Amegilla (Zebramegilla) salviae (Morawitz, 1876)
carto
Amegilla salviae, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla salviae
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla savignyi (LEPELETIER,1841)
Amegilla (Zebramegilla) savignyi (Lepeletier, 1841)

Since Brooks (1988) most authors made confusion between this species (found in N. Africa only) and the near Amegilla magnilabris (that also occurs in Europe). Both species show the same conspicuously proeminent clypeus and labrum. Priesner (1957: 93) provided good diagnpstic characters: "A. savignyi Lep., [is] a species that is easily distinguished from magnilabris in having a full fascia on tergite V, slightly transverse labrum, intermixed black hairs at the clypeo-frontal suture, on the vertex and thorax, narrower abdominal fasciae and a small white hairspot exteriorly at the base of the metatarsus III. "

P. Rasmont
carto
Amegilla savignyi, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla savignyi
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
Show only this taxa Amegilla velocissima (FEDTSCHENKO,1875)
Amegilla (Micramegilla) velocissima (Fedtschenko, 1875)
carto
Amegilla velocissima, 99999 data
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 3.VII.2014
carto
Amegilla velocissima
Main sources : BDFGM, Mons
Last update : 29.VIII.2014

Références


Alfken J.D. 1927. Ueber einige Arten der Anthophora quadrifasciata-Gruppe (Hym.). Ent. Mitt. 16: 120-122.


Brooks R. W. 1988. Systematics and phylogeny of the Anthophorine bees (Hymenoptera Anthophoridae ; Anthophorini). The university of Kansas Bulletin, 53(9) : 436-575.


Friese H. 1897. Die Bienen Europa's (Apidae europaeae). Theil III. Solitäre Apiden. Genus Podalirius. Berlin, 316 p.


Herrero J. & Pérez-iñigo Mora. 1982. Las abejas de España: El género Anthophora (Hym. Apoidea). Catedra de Entomologia. Facultad de Biologia. Universidad Complutense, Madrid, 31 p.


Iuga V.G. 1958. Fauna Republicii Populare Romîne. Hymenoptera Apoidea Fam. Apidae Subfam. Anthophorinae. Academia Republicii Populare Romîne, Bucuresti, 270 pp.
  Michener C.D. 2007. The Bees of the World. Second edition. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 953 p.

Osychnyuk A.Z. 1978. Clef de détermination des insectes de la partie européenne d'URSS, Tome III. Hyménoptères. Première partie. Traduction partielle: Superfamille Apoidea (apoïdes). Anthophoridae. . Mémoire de fin d'études, Université de Mons-Hainaut, Ecole d'Interprètes Internationaux, 100 pp.
  Osytchnjuk A.Z. 1978. Opredelitel' nasekomykh evropejskoj chast SSSR. Tom III. Pereponchatokrylye pervaya chast. Apoidea Andrenidae (ed. K.B. Gorodkov). Akademia Nauk SSSR, Leningrad, pp. 315- [in Russian].


Priesner H. 1957. A review of the Anthophora-species of Egypt (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Bull. Soc. entom. Egypte, 41: 1-115.